Antebellum Period: Abolitionists versus Slavery - social studies skills studied in 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th grades. Explain the pro-slavery and abolitionist arguments of the antebellum period. Slavery was a major issue of contention for America during the 1820s. Benjamin Lay, a Quaker who saw slavery as a “notorious sin,” addresses this 1737 volume to those who “pretend to lay claim to the pure and holy Christian religion.” Although some Quakers held slaves, no religious group was more outspoken against slavery from the seventeenth century until slavery's demise. Explain the pro-slavery and abolitionist arguments of the antebellum … His influential Pro-Slavery Argument offers theological, historical, and political evidence in a point-by-point refutation of the anti-slavery arguments of his day. The new technology that was introduce to the South had allowed the Southern plantation owner to make mass productions. As the abolitionist movement strengthened and … Factionalism on a larger, more regional scale, with fewer but larger factions. Main abolitionist arguments. Abolitionists used moral arguments to counteract the case made by their pro-slavery counterparts. But this wealth was largely powered by the suffering of millions of enslaved African Americans who endured torture at the hands of white slaveholders, especially in the Deep South. Students should have an understanding of how and why the sections of the United States developed differently. William Lloyd Garrison publishing the anti-slavery newspaper The Liberator in 1831. But slavery not only disregards this duty and this right, but undertakes to reverse them.” 13 They argued that slavery both removed the natural rights of men, and perverted the sexuality of those in slavery, depicting these enslaved men as victims. Explain the pro-slavery and abolitionist arguments of the antebellum period. Describe the role of westward expansion in increasing sectional tensions. Sectionalism during the 1800s over the slavery issue nullified the benefits of Madison's extended republic and led to the Civil War. Explain how the Second Party System contributed to increased democratization of American politics. This debate ushered in an era of politicization over the heated topic with the creation of several political parties and the proposal of slavery … 132.] Explain the pro-slavery and abolitionist arguments of the antebellum period. PLAY. 3. Antebellum Period summary: The Antebellum Period in American history is generally considered to be the period before the Civil War and after the War of 1812, although some historians expand it to all the years from the adoption of the Constitution in 1789 to the beginning of the Civil War. 3. Title: Pro and Anti-Slavery Arguments 1 Pro and Anti-Slavery Arguments 2 The Political Argument. This period had risen form the argument of abolitionist and pro slavery people. The 1840's saw the continuing debate over the issue of slavery. The 30 year period prior to the American Civil War. Pro-Slavery Thought in Antebellum America and the Argument of Politics Book I. Slavery as a national issue was revived by Congressional debates on the future of American territories and the voices and actions of free and enslaved Blacks and white abolitionist allies and politicians. Paula E. Dumas, in her study of the history of the British pro-slavery movement, draws a distinction between anti-abolitionist and pro-slavery positions: "Anti-abolition arguments in this period focused on defects in the abolitionist platform, emphasising the illegal, illogical, inhumane, or pro-French nature of their aims. Invented by Eli Whitney in 1793. The abolitionist movement was the effort to end slavery, led by famous abolitionists like Frederick Douglass, Harriet Tubman, Sojourner Truth and John Brown. ]: Greenwood Press), 2006. Abolitionist Movement summary: The Abolitionist movement in the United States of America was an effort to end slavery in a nation that valued personal freedom and believed “all men are created equal.” Over time, abolitionists grew more strident in their demands, and slave owners entrenched in response, fueling regional divisiveness that ultimately led to the American Civil War. He practiced law in South Carolina, and was the state governor from 1842-1844. Overview : This unit would typically follow the Growth and Division unit from 1816 –1835. [u.a. The Abolitionist Movement. Virtually all fiction and nonfiction published in the South, from poetry and novels to political science texts and sociological treatises, took up proslavery as a central theme. (Westport, Conn. The Northern states did not rely on slavery for their economy, but the Southern states saw slavery as their only foothold in the global economy. STUDY. He explored the deplorable working conditions of the Israelites slaves in Egypt, the Helots in Sparta, and Roman laborers. Essay #2 Origins of Anti-slavery and Pro-slaver The origins of the anti-slavery and pro-slavery arguments during the antebellum period and even ongoing into the Age of Jackson had to do with religious, moral and economical conflicts and differences in the North and South of the United States. Period 5 December 2nd GPq. Describe the leaders and constituents that defined each party. Evaluate how three major events (e.g., significant legislation, territorial conflicts, court cases, political debates) contributed to the outbreak of the Civil War. Evaluate how three major events (e.g., significant legislation, territorial conflicts, court cases, political debates) contributed to the outbreak of the Civil War. The Pro Slavery Argument As Thomas Roderick Dew (1802–1846) was an economist, professor of law, and president of the College of William and Mary. Bonnette Kaylan Surveyof USHistory C121 Task1 Bonnette Kaylan Surveyof USHistory Revised Task3 Foundation Perspectives of Education Notes Efp1task2keegan,bethany Chewakin Amber C121 Task 1 Test December 2018, questions and answers James Henry Hammond was born and died in South Carolina. The abolitionists put forward various arguments to support their cause of banning the slave trade. As abolitionist sentiment grew, much attention began to be focused on whether slavery was beneficial or detrimental to the American economy. The Antebellum Period was a time of tremendous economic growth in America thanks to the agricultural dominance in the South and the textile booms in the North. Antislavery Arguments: An OverviewDuring North American slavery from the seventeenth to nineteenth centuries, there were those who challenged the system for a variety of reasons. From an anti-abolitionist, pro-slavery cartoon, 1800. via Library of Congress. Many of which were caused by new inventions that lead to industrialization, the new … Arguments Over Slavery Political, economic, and legal arguments over slavery appeared during the antebellum period in America and created conversations over the necessity of slavery in the United States. The Antebellum period had began after the War of 1812 and was up till the year. Everyone knows that the Civil War was fought partly over the idea of slavery. Christian Arguments Against Slavery. In 1858, James Hammond told the U.S. Senate “No power on earth dares…to make war on cotton.” (Norton,2015) Slave owners justified the owning of slaves in other ways then just the financial benefits. In The Debate Over Slavery David F. Ericson makes the controversial argument that despite their many ostensible differences, most Northern abolitionists and Southern defenders of slavery shared many common commitments: to liberal principles; to the nation; to the nation's special mission in history; and to secular progress. The argument was based largely on the concept of free versus slave labor. June 27, 2018 June 27, 2018. Sectionalism . That battle was prelude to Brown’s attempted takeover of the federal arsenal at Harpers Ferry, Virginia in 1859. Chapter: (p.247) 9 Recollecting Aristotle Source: Ancient Slavery and Abolition Author(s): S. Sara Monoson Publisher: Oxford University Press Explore this article. As the nation continued to expand its land territory, Northern and Southern politicians argued about the morality of slavery and whether to allow it within the union's newly added states. C. Bishop EdD These can be grouped into the following areas. 2 minutes Share Tweet Email Print. abandon the slave industry. Cotton Gin. slavery in the antebellum period The “Peculiar Institution” – this is what white southerners often called slavery because they felt it was distinctive and special; the South was the only place in the Western world (except Brazil, Cuba, and Puerto Rico) where slavery still existed; slavery “isolated” the South from the rest of American society. One of the moral arguments regarding slavery was a counterargument to the idea that the Southern U.S. economy depended on the institution. Abolitionism and Pro Slavery. After the idea of Manifest Destiny came into play many of the Notherns perspectives began to change. Describe the role of westward expansion in increasing sectional tensions. Just Reward ; Anti-Christian; Right to Liberty; Deterent to Production; 1 Just Reward. 2. First and foremost among those who opposed slavery were the slaves themselves. In 1857, Hammond was elected as … It removed seeds from cotton fibers. C. Discuss the major movements and events that led to the Civil War (suggested length of 2–3 paragraphs) by doing the following: 1. Proslavery Arguments of the Antebellum George Fitzhugh: James Henry Hammond James Henry Hammond and George Fitzhugh were two Caucasian, American, educated men of the 1800’s who were very much in favor of slavery. As they fired back at their critics, defenders of slavery in antebellum America often maintained that slavery, as practiced in the South, was more humane than the system of “wage slavery” under which, they claimed, Northern and British industrial workers suffered. What a lot of people don’t know is the fact that slavery wasn’t really a massive part of it, and almost even a side objective for the North sometime after the war has started. They became proactive in their attacks on abolitionist ideology, developing a thoroughgoing defence of slavery that included overtly racist arguments. 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